Dr André Varandas Borges | Specialist Doctor:


Intra-Articular, Perineural and Bursal Infiltration

Musculoskeletal infiltration is a medical procedure in which a substance is injected directly into a joint, muscle or specific area of the musculoskeletal system to relieve pain, reduce inflammation or treat certain conditions.

Here are some important aspects of musculoskeletal infiltration:

Substances used: Different substances can be used in musculoskeletal infiltrations, depending on the aim of the treatment. This can include corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, local anaesthetics for pain relief, hyaluronic acid for joint lubrication in cases of osteoarthritis, or even platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to stimulate healing.

Indications: Musculoskeletal infiltration is often used to treat conditions such as arthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, ligament injuries, muscle injuries, among others. The procedure aims to relieve localised pain, reduce inflammation and, in some cases, promote tissue regeneration.

Procedure: The procedure is usually carried out at the doctor's surgery or in a clinical setting. The patient may be given a local anaesthetic before the injection to minimise discomfort. The injection is administered precisely into the target area using image guidance, such as ultrasound, to ensure proper placement.

Monitoring: After infiltration, it is common for patients to be monitored for a short period of time to observe the initial response and ensure that no immediate adverse reactions occur.

Results: The results of musculoskeletal infiltration can vary. In many cases, patients experience temporary pain relief and improved function in the treated area. In some situations, more than one injection may be necessary over time.

Individual Considerations: The decision to carry out a musculoskeletal infiltration must take into account the patient's specific clinical condition, the severity of the pathology, alternative treatment options and the associated potential risks.

It is crucial to discuss in detail with the healthcare professional in charge the expected benefits, possible risks and the personalised treatment plan for the musculoskeletal condition in question. Musculoskeletal infiltration is a useful therapeutic tool, but its application must be carefully considered on a case-by-case basis.


Consult here some of pathologies and treatments that Dr. André Varandas Borges treats.