• Physiotherapy in Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMJ)

In the Advanced Physiotherapy consultation for TMJ Disorders we work not only on the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), but at the level of the entire cranio-cervico-mandibular complex, due to its interdependent relationship.  

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) It is one of the most complex joints in the body. Dysfunctions at this level can affect chewing, swallowing, speech and facial expressiveness.

Furthermore, they can cause other dysfunctions and/or postural changes, making it important to think of this joint as an integral part of the cranio-cervico-mandibular complex. 

Associated with this dysfunction are a series of signs and symptoms, namely: 

  • Pain and/or difficulty in opening and/or closing the mouth; 
  • Joint noises: clicking, crackling, “clicking” or bouncing sensations that appear when opening and/or closing the mouth. 

In parallel to these signs and symptoms, it is common for patients to also present: 

  • Bruxism; 
  • “Daytime bruxism”, associated with stress and anxiety factors; 
  • Local pain;
  • Pain in the neck and shoulder region; 
  • Dental reflex pain;
  • Headaches; 
  • Tinnitus and vertigo; 
  • Fatigue in the face, especially when chewing; 
  • Sudden change in occlusion. 

The treatment of TMJ disorders can be applied in any age, the choice of techniques being adapted to the patient and their clinical condition.